Anegundi


History

The village of Anegundi on the Tungabhadra river falls within the core zone of Hampi world heritage site. Anegundi history dates back to Pre-Vijayanagara and to the time of Ashoka in the 3rd century B.C. Even after the collapse of the empire in 1565 AD, it continued to be the seat of the Devaraya Dynasty. When Vijayanagara was founded in the mid-14th century by the Sangama brothers, Harihara and Bukka, Anegundi was already well established as the cradle city from where they actually ruled. Capital was later shifted to Hampi.

About the village

The main focus of the town is a square onto which faces the Ranganatha temple (dedicated to Anantashayana). On the opposite side of the square is the Gagan Mahal, built in a typical late Vijayanagara courtly style with arched windows and pyramidal towers, now accommodates local council office. A fourteenth century gateway marks the northern exit of the town. Another interesting early structure is the Jain temple facing on to the main street running south from the square. A complex of shrines known as Chintamani Mutt is built up to the boulders to the south east of Anegundi from where one can have a fine view of river Tungabhadra. Yet other structures stand within fortified citadel that occupies the rocky hill a short distance west of the town. They include gateways, barracks, step wells and royal memorials, all dating on the post Vijayanagara period.

The road running west from Anegundi passes along the top of the ancient wall of the town, in which an early style gateway with finely carved columns still stands. About 1.5 kms to the west, a cart track leads southward to Pampa Sarovar – the pool that takes its name from Hampi goddess. A little further on is the access path to Anjanadri hill which lies to the north of the road. Considered the birth place of Anjenaya, this hill is a favorite place of pilgrimage and has a long staircase ascending to a modern shrine at the top. Durga Devi Temple, Nava Brindhavana, Huchhappaiana Mutt are few other attractions of Anegundi.

The ‘Royal Village’ of pre-Vijayanagar Empire is located on the northern bank of river Tungabhadra. Today, the village is having fortified wall around and all the developments are within the fort wall. The village has developed in 23.19 Ha of land with a gross density of 170 persons per Ha. Unlike Hampi which is more commercial in nature, Anegundi is a natural village with residential and Archeological land uses.