Tribal Studies & Folk lore


Introduction:

India has the largest concentration of tribal population in the world. The tribal are the children of nature and their lifestyle is conditioned by the eco-system. India due to its diverse eco-systems has a wide variety of tribal population. Tribes people constitute 8.14% of the total population of the country, numbering 84.51 million (2001 Census). There are 697 tribes notified by the Central Government under Article 342 of the Indian Constitution with certain tribes being

notified in more than one State. More than half the Scheduled Tribe population is concentrated in the States of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Jharkhand and Gujarat whereas in Haryana, Punjab, Delhi, Pondicherry and Chandigarh no community has been notified as a Scheduled Tribe.

Tribal Handicraft:

Handicrafts are mostly defined as “Items made by hand, often with the use of simple tools,and are generally artistic and/or traditional in nature. They are also objects of utility and objects of decoration.”

Handicrafts are the indigenous creation of ordinary people of villages. They; have a tradition which remain unchanged or unaffected over generation. Earlier these are made with utilitarian motive but slowly the demand has increased.

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